Bible History Daily
Lachish Level by Level
Why Lachish Matters
4th century B.C.E.
Alexander the Great defeats Darius III;
Persian empire falls
fortified city wall and gate;
6th century B.C.E.
Persian empire established
city wall and gate;
Palace-fort in ruins
Early 6th century B.C.E.
Babylonians conquer southern kingdom of Judah (586 B.C.E.), Lachish destroyed;
Second half of 7th century B.C.E.
Assyrian empire falls to Babylonians (612 B.C.E.)
Break in habitation from second half of 7th century B.C.E. to 701 B.C.E.
8th century B.C.E.
Lachish destroyed (701 B.C.E.);
Assyrians conquer northern kingdom of Israel (722 B.C.E.)
Assyrian siege ramp;
Judean counter ramp;
fortified city with two walls; densely populated;
third Judean palace-fort
9th century B.C.E.
Kingdoms of Israel and Judah established;
rise of Assyrian Empire
second Judean palace-fort;
two city walls with gates
10th century B.C.E.
Lachish settled by Israelites; Pharaoh Shishak invades Israel (c. 925 B.C.E.);
first Judean palace-fort;
Break in habitation from 12th century B.C.E. to end of 11th century B.C.E.
12th century B.C.E.
Lachish destroyed by invading Israelites or “Sea Peoples” (second half of 12th century B.C.E.);
Egyptians control Canaan, including Lachish;
Reign of Pharaoh Ramesses III (c. 1182–1151 B.C.E.)
Acropolis Temple (Fose Temple abandoned);
monumental public building;
Ramesses III cartouche
2nd new:13th century B.C.E.
Egyptians control Canaan
domestic area in unfortified city