In the art of the ancient empires and kingdoms of the Near East, from the Hittites in Anatolia to the Assyrians in Mesopotamia, from the fourteenth to the seventh century B.C.E., rosettes indicated royalty. This brief survey begins in the fourteenth century B.C.E. with the Hittites, who placed winged rosettes, previously used to represent their sun god, on the seals of their ruler.