The three tests according to Matthew

I. Turning stone into bread.

II. Throwing himself from the wing of the Jerusalem Temple.

III. Worshiping the devil in return for all the kingdoms of the world.

Jesus’ responses to the devil (quoting Deuteronomy)

I. “No one shall live on bread alone”
(Deuteronomy 8:3).

II. “You shall not test the Lord your God”
(Deuteronomy 6:16).

III. “You shall worship the Lord your God, and him alone shall you serve!” (Deuteronomy 6:13).

The passages in the Shema (Deuteronomy 6:5) that correspond to the tests.

I. “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart.”

II. “You shall love the Lord your God…with all your soul.”

III. “You shall love the Lord your God…with all your might [wealth and prestige].”

The events in the life of Jesus behind the tests.

I. Although his family thinks he’s “out of his mind” (Mark 3:35) and cannot understand why, as a child, he remains behind in Jerusalem to speak to the rabbis in the Temple (Luke 2:42–51), Jesus puts his vocation before his family.

II. Despite Herod Antipas’s death threats (Luke 13:31), Jesus remains committed to his mission.

III. When the Galileans indicate that they will make Jesus king (John 6:14–15), he retreats to the wilderness and repudiates all efforts to promote him to political leadership.