The Cave-Dwellers
Cappadocia’s mysterious rock-cut architecture By Robert Ousterhout

According to Leo the Deacon, a tenth-century Byzantine historian, the inhabitants of the Anatolian province of Cappadocia were troglodytes: “They went underground in holes, clefts, and labyrinths,” he reported. This remote, mysterious people lived “in dens and burrows.” The surviving ancient architecture of Cappadocia—a region in central Turkey about 60 miles long and […]

Heavens, no By Veronica G. Kalas

When Cappadocians cut vast living spaces into the conelike formations of the local volcanic tufa around the turn of the first millennium, they created vestibules, halls, kitchens, storage areas, stables, churches and burial chapels, all hollowed out of the soft rock and arranged around courtyards, whose exteriors were often carved with elaborate facades. […]

“This is the Taste of Death”
A fleeing Egyptian bureaucrat reveals what life was like in ancient Canaan By Anson F. Rainey

Can a folktale from the Middle Bronze Age provide us with information about the remote past that has eluded even extensive archaeological expeditions? The answer is yes. The Tale of Sinuhe,1 composed during Egypt’s Middle Kingdom, may help resolve scholarly debates about social conditions in Canaan-Syria (also known as the Levant) in the early […]

Death in Peqi’in

Sometimes archaeologists come face-to-face with a site so unusual that they feel a sense of awe in its presence. That describes our experience upon entering and excavating a mortuary cave in the Galilean hills of northern Israel. Used for burials during the Chalcolithic period (c. 4500–3500 B.C.E.), this cave had been sealed for nearly […]


Origins: Inventing Time
How on earth did we get a 60-minute hour?
Past Perfect: A Novelist Among the Ruins
As nations careened toward World War II, the American writer Henry Miller undertook a pilgrimage into Greece’s heroic past.
Destinations: Conimbriga, Portugal
Opulent, mosaic-lined villas made this Portuguese site a glamorous outpost of the Roman Empire. By Julie Skurdenis
The Forum: Taking Issue
How to stop looting. Nefertiti travels (legally) to Berlin. And the Elgin Marbles revisited.