An Interview with John Strugnell,BAR 20:04.


DSS Update: “Computer-Generated Dead Sea Scrolls Texts 98% Accurate,BAR 18:01; Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments: “BAS Publishes Fascicle Two of DSS Transcripts,BAR 18:04.


BAS Publishes Dead Sea Scrolls,BAR 17:05; Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments: “BAS Reprints Facsimile Edition of Scroll Photographs,BAR, 18:04.


Hershel Shanks, “Lawsuit Diary,BAR 19:03.


Hershel Shanks, “Qimron Wins Lawsuit,BAR 19:04.


Hershel Shanks, “Strugnell Calls Leading Scroll Scholar ‘Incompetent,’BAR 17:01.


Strata: “Freeing the Dead Sea Scrolls,BAR 39:02; Bruce Zuckerman, Archaeological Views, “New Eyeballs on Ancient Texts,BAR 39:02.


Steve Mason, “Did the Essenes Write the Dead Sea Scrolls?BAR 34:06; Edna Ullman-Margalit, “Dissecting the Qumran-Essene Hypothesis,BAR 34:02; Lena Cansdale and Alan D. Crowne, “Was It an Essene Settlement?BAR 20:05; Sidnie White Crawford, “A View from the Caves,BAR 37:05.


Lawrence H. Schiffman, “The Significance of the Scrolls,Bible Review 06:05; “New Light on the Pharisees: Insights from the Dead Sea Scrolls,Bible Review 08:03. See also [against the Sadducees] Frank Moore Cross, “The Dead Sea Scrolls and the People Who Wrote Them,BAR 03:01.


Reviews: “The Scrolls—A Life of Controversy” review by Charlotte Hempel of John J. Collins, The Dead Sea Scrolls—A Biography, and sidebar by Hershel Shanks, “Why Do the Dead Sea Scrolls Elicit So Many Oddball Ideas?BAR 39:04.


Hershel Shanks, sidebar, “New Carbon-14 Results Leave Room for Debate,BAR 21:04; sidebar “Carbon-14 Dates of the Dead Sea Scrolls Are Closer than Previously Thought,BAR 20:02; sidebar, “New Carbon-14 Tests on DSS,BAR 19:02; Hershel Shanks, “Carbon-14 Tests Substantiate Scroll Dates,BAR 17:06.


Hershel Shanks, “The Enigma of Qumran: Four Archaeologists Assess the Site,BAR 24:01.


Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments: “Ancient Biblical Manuscript Center Contributes to Photographic Preservation of Dead Sea Photos,” and Michael T. Shoemaker, “Conservators Race Against Time to Save the Scrolls,BAR 18:04.


Reading the ancient text in its contemporary context, as if it were written for the present time.


A small Scroll generally containing Deuteronomy 6:4–9 and 11:13–21 (and at Qumran sometimes additional passages) affixed according to Jewish tradition to doorposts as a symbol of Divine protection.


John J. Collins, “A Pre-Christian ‘Son of God’ Among the Dead Sea Scrolls,Bible Review 09:03.


James C. VanderKam, “The Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Christianity: Part One, How Are They Related?Bible Review 07:06; James C. VanderKam, “The Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Christianity: Part Two, What They Share,Bible Review 07:06.



The Cairo Genizah is a collection of mostly Jewish manuscripts, composed in the Middle Ages in Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic and other languages. In the late 19th century, this collection was discovered in a synagogue in Fostat, Old Cairo, and was brought to various European and American libraries, mainly Cambridge University.


Solomon Schechter, Documents of Jewish Sectaries: Fragments of a Zadokite Work, vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1910).


B.Z. Wacholder and M.G. Abegg, A Preliminary Edition of the Unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls: The Hebrew and Aramaic Texts from Cave Four (3 fascicles; Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1991–1995).


R.H. Eisenman and J.M. Robinson, A Facsimile Edition of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Prepared with an Introduction and Index, Publisher’s Foreword by H. Shanks (2 vols.; Washington, DC: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1991).


Eisenman and Robinson, A Facsimile Edition, fig. 8, p. xxxi.


David Nimmer criticized this decision in “Copyright in the Dead Sea Scrolls,” Houston Law Journal 38 (2001), pp. 5–212. See the commentary by James L. Oakes, pp. 219–229 and response by Martha Woodmansee, pp. 231–236. For detailed discussion of the case, see Timothy H. Lim, Hector L. MacQueen, and Calum M. Carmichael, eds., On Scrolls, Artefacts and Intellectual Property (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001), pp. 63–192 and Raphael Israeli, Piracy in Qumran: The Battle over the Scrolls of the Pre-Christ Era (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2008), pp. 71–203.


Wadi Daliyeh, almost 9 miles (14 kilometers) north of Jericho, yielded fragmentary remains of legal documents drafted in Samaria in the fourth century B.C.E. These papyri concern land and slave sales and provided important evidence for the history of the Aramaic language.