See the following articles in Archaeology Odyssey, July/August 2001: Frank Holt, “Alexander in the East,” and Rekha Morris, “Imagining Buddha.”


Previously, Indian artists had only worked in perishable materials, according to Seleucis Nikator’s ambassador to India, Megasthenes (c. 350–290 B.C.); in a work titled Indika, Megasthenes wrote that India’s monsoon climate encouraged artists to think in terms of the temporary, rather than the permanent.


Though most of Ashoka’s inscriptions are in Prakrit, some have been found in Greek, for example, in Kandahar, in present-day Afghanistan. Some Greek-speaking peoples still populated the northwestern provinces during the Mauryan Dynasty.