Frank M. Cross, “Working With No Data,” in Semitic and Egyptian Studies: Presented to Thomas O. Lambdin, ed. David M. Golumb (Winona Lake IN: Eisenbraun, 1987), p. 71.


Ali Abou Assaf, Pierre Bordreuil and Alan R. Millard, La statue de Tell Fekherye et son inscription bilingue assyro-araméenne (Paris, 1982).


Joseph Naveh, “The Date of the Tell Fekherye Inscription,” Shnaton 5–6 (1983), pp. 131–140 (in Hebrew); Naveh, “Proto-Canaanite, Archaic Greek, and the Script of the Aramaic Text on the Tell Fakhariyah Statue,” in Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of F. M. Cross, ed. P. D. Miller et al. (Philadelphia, 1987), pp. 101–113.


Hélène S. Sader, Les états araméens de Syne depuis leur fondation jusqu’ àleur transformation en provinces assyriennes (Beirut, 1987), p. 27.


Edward Lipiski, Studies in Aramaic Inscriptions and Onomastics (Louvain, Belg., 1975), vol. 1, p. 16. See also Wayne T. Pitard, “The Identity of the Bir Hadad of the Melqart Stela,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 272 (1988), pp. 3–21, esp. p. 5.


A. della Marmora, Voyage en Sardaigne, vol. 2, Antiquities (Turin, Italy, 1840), p. 348, Atlas pl. 32, 3.


Cross, “Leaves from an Epigraphist’s Notehook,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 36 (1974), pp. 486–494, esp. pp. 490–493. The author has frequently restated this position, recently in: Joan G. Scheuer, “Searching for the Phoenicians in Sardinia,” BAR 16:01, p. 52–60.