The finds of the Roman and Byzantine periods were studied by our colleagues and will be presented in the Final Report (Vol. 1). We wish to thank them for their help in refining the following text: Orit Peleg-Barkat (The Architectural Decoration), Renate Rosenthal-Heginbottom (The Ceramic Finds), Gabriela Bijovsky (Numismatics), Leah Di Segni (Bread Stamps), Liorah Kolska Horwitz (Faunal remains), Yael Gorin-Rosen (Glass Finds), Guy Stiebel (Metal Finds), Dan Gill (Geology). Volume I of the final report of the excavations has been submitted: Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah and Alexander Onn, The Western Wall Plaza Excavations: The Roman and Byzantine Periods, Volume I, IAA Reports (forthcoming). The finds of the Biblical (First Temple) period are being studied by Tallay Ornan, Benjamin Sass, Othmar Keel, Baruch Brandl and Yuval Goren (Personal Seals), Daniel Veinstub (Iron Age incisions and inscriptions), Zvi Greenhut and Shua Kisilevitz (the ceramic finds), Raz Kletter (figurines). The finds of the Islamic period are being studied by many researches. The works of Miriam Avissar (ceramic finds) and Robert Kool (Numismatics) are cited here.
For preliminary reports regarding the excavations in the Western Wall plaza, see: Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, Alexander Onn, Briggite Ouahnouna and Miriam Avissar, “The Eastern Cardo of Roman Jerusalem and Its Later Phases in Light of the Excavations in the Western Wall Plaza,” in J. Patrich and D. Amit, eds., New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and Its Region, vol. 1, Jerusalem (2007), pp. 75–84 (Hebrew); Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, Zvi Greenhut, Alexander Onn, Shua Kisilevitz and Briggite Ouahnouna, “An Impressive Building of the Late Iron Age in the Western Wall Plaza,” in D. Amit and G. Stiebel, eds., New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and Its Region, vol. 2, Jerusalem (2008), pp. 35–43 (Hebrew); Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, Alexander Onn, Briggite Ouahnouna and Shua Kisilevitz, “Jerusalem, the Western Wall Plaza Excavations, 2005–2009, Preliminary Report,” Hadashot Arkheologiyot, Excavations and Surveys in Israel 121 (2009; http://www.hadashot-esi.org.il/report_detail_eng.asp?id=1219&mag_id=115); Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, “The Relations Between the Eastern Cardo of Jerusalem and the Tenth Roman Legion, in light of the Western Wall Plaza Excavations,” in D. Amit, G.D. Stiebel, O. Peleg-Barkat, eds., New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and Its Region, vol. 3, Jerusalem (2009), pp. 19–27 (Hebrew); Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah and Alexander Onn, “Remains of the Roman Eastern Cardo in the Western Wall Plaza,” Qadmoniot 140 (2010), pp. 123–132 (Hebrew).
We would like to express our thanks to our IAA colleagues and the Western Wall Heritage Foundation for their help. Special thanks are extended to the draftspersons Vadim Essman, Mark Kipnis, Yaakov Shmidov, Natalya Zak, Elisabet Belashov and Irina Berin.
Hillel Geva has contributed a lot to our Qadmoniot paper, which this article is based upon, and to this version. We thank him greatly for his most helpful comments.
See Tallay Ornan, Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, Zvi Greenhut, Benjamin Sass and Yuval Goren, “Four Hebrew Seals, One Depicting an Assyrian-like Archer, from the Western Wall Plaza Excavations, Jerusalem,” Atiqot 60 (2008), pp. 115–129.
This is the first time that a seal, decorated with an image of a lion together with a Hebrew name, was found at Jerusalem, recalling the famous seal of Shema Servant of Jeroboam, king of Israel from Megiddo. See Tallay Ornan, Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, Shua Kisilevitz and Benjamin Sass, “Two Hebrew Seals and a Bulla, One of the Seals Depicting a Roaring Lion, from the Western Wall Plaza Excavations, Jerusalem,” Atiqot (in press).