Leone Glidden Running and David Noel Freedman, William Foxwell Albright: A Twentieth-Century Genius (New York: Morgan Press, 1975), pp. 299–304, 351.


Op. cit., p. 351.


Beno Rothenberg, “Ancient Copper Industries in the Western Arabah,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 94 (1962), pp. 44–56; Nelson Glueck, “Ezion-geber,” Biblical Archaeologist 28 (1965), pp. 70–87.


Martin Noth, Das System der 12 Stämme Israels (Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1930); Noth, The History of Israel, 2d ed. (New York: Harper & Row, 1960), pp. 85–109.


M. C. Astour, “Amphictyony,” Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Supplementary Volume (Nashville, Tennessee: Abingdon, 1976), pp. 23–25.


E. A. Speiser, “Ethnic Movements in the Near East in the Second Millennium B.C.,” Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 13 (1933), pp. 43–45; Cyrus H. Gordon, “Biblical Customs and the Nuzi Tablets,” Biblical Archeologist 3 (1940), pp. 1–12.


T. L. Thompson, The Historicity of the Patriarchal Narratives (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1974); John Van Seters, Abraham in History and Tradition (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975).


Of which Albright later presented a translation in the supplement to James B. Pritchard’s Ancient Near Eastern Texts, p. 568.


Albright translated three of these ostraca for the already mentioned supplement, pp. 568–569. Yohanan Aharoni, Arad Inscriptions (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981).


J. Hoftijzer and G. van der Kooij, Aramaic Texts from Deir ’Alla (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976).


Siegfried H. Horn, “The Amman Citadel Inscription,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 193 (1969), pp. 2–13; H. O. Thompson and F. Zayadine, “The Tell Siran Inscription,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 212 (1973), pp. 5–11; Frank M. Cross published eight ostraca from Heshbon in Andrews University Seminary Studies 7 (1969), 223–229; 11 (1973), pp. 126–231; 13 (1975), pp. 1–20; 14 (1976), pp. 143–148.


Many of these seals and bullae have been published in recent years by Nahman Avigad in the Israel Exploration Journal, among which the most interesting are perhaps those of Baruch, Jeremiah’s secretary, of Baruch’s brother Seraiah, as well as of Jerahmeel, the king’s son, sent by King Jehoiakim to arrest Jeremiah and Baruch (Jeremiah 36:4, 26; 51:59). See Avigad, Israel Exploration Journal 28 (1978), pp. 52–56. For lack of a comprehensive corpus of Hebrew and related seals, the following work can be recommended as an excellent treatment of the Hebrew seals in the Israel Museum: Ruth Hestrin and Michal Dayagi-Mendels, Inscribed Seals (Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 1979).


Ze’ev Meshel and Carol Meyers, “The Name of God in the Wilderness of Zin,” Biblical Archeologist 39 (1976), pp. 6–10.


BAR has kept its readers up to date on the Ebla text discoveries through a number of articles from its second volume (1976) on. See the following in BAR: “Assessing Ebla,” BAR 04:01, by Paul C. Maloney; “The Politics of Ebla,” BAR 04:03, by Adam Mikaya; “Syria Tries to Influence Ebla Scholarship,” BAR 05:02, by Hershel Shanks; “Ebla Evidence Evaporates,” BAR 05:06; “Interview with David Noel Freedman,” BAR 06:03; “Are the ‘Cities of the Plain’ Mentioned in the Ebla Tablets?” BAR 07:06, by Alfonso Archi. See also Paolo Matthiae, Ebla: An Empire Rediscovered (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1981); Giovanni Pettinato, The Archives of Ebla: An Empire Inscribed in Clay (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1981). The last-mentioned book contains an “Afterword” written by Mitchell Dahood, which is entitled “Ebla, Ugarit, and the Bible,” pp. 271–321.


Cross, W. E. Lemke and P. D. Miller, eds., Magnalia Dei: the Mighty Acts of God; Essays on the Bible and Archaeology in Memory of G. Ernest Wright (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1976), pp. 120–131.


Albright, Archaeology, “Historical Analogy” and Early Biblical Tradition (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966), pp. 42–65. It should be pointed out that the first of the three Rockwell Lectures, published in this work, entitled “The Historical Interpretation of Early Hebrew Literature,” pp. 3–21, is also based on material first written up in the unpublished manuscript on the history of the religion of Israel. However, the second Rockwell Lecture, “The Story of Abraham in the Light of New Archaeological Data” (pp. 22–41), is based on an idea which Albright had developed more recently. This new hypothesis, namely that Abraham was a donkey caravaneer, was first advanced by Albright in an article published in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 163 (1961), pp. 36–54. This view was rejected by nearly all scholars.


(Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1968). Other books which to a lesser degree contain views first written up in the unpublished manuscript under discussion are Albright’s History, Archaeology and Christian Humanism (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1964) and his New Horizons in Biblical Research (London: Oxford University Press, 1966).