These and other cases are examined in Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism, edited by Jeffrey H. Tigay (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985). The present article is adapted from one of Professor Tov’s chapters in that volume.


Different manuscripts of the LXX vary somewhat. I will be referring to the oldest Greek manuscripts. Later LXX manuscripts, such as the one used in Origen’s Hexapla, have been “corrected” toward the MT.


In. this case, as with other inconsistencies, it is possible to explain them away; one or the other description could plausibly be an exaggeration in the context.