Was The Gospel of Matthew Originally Written In Hebrew?

New evidence indicates that the Gospel of Matthew was an original Hebrew composition. Indeed, it is now possible to recover much of this original Hebrew composition from an extant manuscript. But before explaining how this can be done, let me set the stage with a little background. Until now, the four canonical Gospels—Matthew, Mark, […]

Hagar’s Expulsion—A Tale Twice-Told in Genesis
How artists picture the Bible By Zefira Gitay

The artist is a biblical commentator just as surely as the literary critic who studies the Bible’s internal devices, as the form critic who looks at the origins of literary genres, or as the source critic who tries to disentangle components that may have been woven together to create the text we know. Both […]

The David and Goliath Saga
How a Biblical editor combined two versions By Emanuel Tov

The University of Pennsylvania’s Jeffrey H. Tigay sets the stage for the article that follows: Since the rise of biblical criticism in the 17th century, scholars have concluded that the books of the Hebrew Bible, like many other ancient literary classics, have not reached us in their original form but are, in their […]

The Earliest Biblical Exegesis is in the Bible Itself

We usually think of exegesis as the external interpretation of a text, and of biblical exegesis as interpretation external to the Bible. Exegesis of the Hebrew Bible began, however, long before the canon closed and the text became fixed. And this exegesis, or interpretation, can be identified within the sacred text itself. I call […]


Win-A-Trip Contest Quiz (#3)
Paintings of the Bible
The end of BR’s second year
My View
Why study religion? By Jacob Neusner