W.G. Lambert and A.R. Millard, Atra-h˘ası¯s: The Babylonian Story of the Flood (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969), p. 15. See in detail G. Komoróczy, “Work and Strike of the Gods: New Light on the Divine Society in the Sumero-Akkadian Mythology,” Oikumene 1 (1976), pp. 9–37.


Translated thus or similarly by S.N. Kramer, Sumerian Mythology (Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society 21, 1944; 2nd ed. [New York: Harper & Row, 1961]), p. 73; S.N. Kramer, From the Tablets of Sumer (Indian Hills, CO: Falcon’s Wing Press, 1963), p. 221; S.N. Kramer, History Begins at Sumer (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981), p. 109.


Adapted from William W. Hallo, “The Origins of Sacrificial Cult: New Evidence from Mesopotamia and Israel,” in Patrick D. Miller, Jr., Paul D. Hanson and S. Dean McBride, eds., Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987), reprinted in William W. Hallo, Origins: The Ancient Near Eastern Background of Some Modern Western Institutions (Leiden; New York: Brill, 1996), pp. 212–221, and in William W. Hallo, The World’s Oldest Literature: Studies in Sumerian Belles-Lettres (Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010), pp. 517–528.