Condemned to the Mines
Copper production & Christian persecution By Mohammad Najjar, Thomas E. Levy

Damnatio ad metalla—condemned to the mines! Tantamount to a death sentence.

Excarnation: Food For Vultures
Unlocking the mysteries of Chalcolithic ossuaries By Rami Arav

For nearly a century before the Romans destroyed the Temple in 70 C.E., Jews, especially in the Jerusalem area, would inter the bones of their deceased in stone boxes, or ossuaries, about 2 feet long and a foot high. The ossuary had to be long enough to accommodate the longest bone in the body, […]

Hercules in Galilee

Sometimes nature is a better archaeological excavator than humans.

Fudging with Forgeries
A closer look at Professor Yuval Goren’s “scholarship” By Hershel Shanks

I must confess at the outset that I should be disqualified from writing this piece because its subject, Professor Yuval Goren of Tel Aviv University, has charged me with playing a “pivotal role” in the forgeries alleged in the so-called forgery trial of the century, now awaiting decision in a Jerusalem court. My involvement […]

The Origin of Israelite Sacrifice

Sacrificing animals to God—a major activity in the Temple—must certainly seem odd to us in the 21st century. Where did the practice come from? The Israelites didn’t invent it.


Nasca, Peru