Child Sacrifice: Returning God’s Gift
Barren women give birth to exceptional children By Susan Ackerman

Six barren woman in the Bible receive an annunciation from God promising an end to their barrenness. In a 1983 article,1 Robert Alter borrowed the term “type-scene” from Homeric scholarship and used it to describe these six biblical stories about women who had difficulty conceiving but ultimately became pregnant after an annunciation: to Sarah, […]

Why Search for the Historical Jesus?

Currently I am working on a book on the historical Jesus, trying to determine what we can say about the life of Jesus here on earth in terms that would satisfy an objective historian. Contrary to my expectation, it has turned out to be a two-volume project. The first volume—484 pages—has recently been published.a […]

A Pre-Christian “Son of God” Among the Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scroll Son of God text from Qumran Cave 4 has attracted attention both in scholarly publications and in the press because it contains remarkable parallels to the annunciation scene in the Gospel of Luke. The Aramaic text has been known for 20 years, since J. T. Milik presented it orally […]

How Job Fulfills God’s Word to Cain

Ronald S. Hendel’s article, “When God Acts Immorally—Is the Bible a Good Book?” BR 07:03, obviously touched a raw nerve. In examining the story of Cain, Hendel suggested that God may not be a perfect God, but a good God nevertheless, and that the Bible may not be a wholly good book, but […]


The Biblical Circle of Homosexual Prohibition
Is Heterosexuality—the biological norm for reproduction—also the ethical norm for human sexual relations? My proposal does not provide answers, but gives a basis for discussion in terms of biblical theology. By Bernhard W. Anderson
Recovering the Original Meaning of Matthew’s Parables
They did not communicate a hidden meaning when they were told by Jesus. The parables could be understood by all. By Helmut Koester
Hebrew for Bible Readers
An introduction to the Masoretic text By Keith N. Schoville
Greek for Bible Readers
Nouns of the second declension By David Alan Black
Canaanites: Who were they and where did they live? By Michael D. Coogan
The Book of Numbers
Crime and punishment