See “Frank Moore Cross—An Interview, Part 3: How the Alphabet Democratized Civilization,” BR 08:06. The origins of the alphabet were also discussed by P. Kyle McCarter, Jr., et al. in a presentation on the Wadi el-Hol inscription at the 1999 Society of Biblical Literature meeting in Boston.


Most recently Michael Coogan, “Literacy and the Formation of Biblical Literature,” Realia Dei: Essays in Archaeology and Biblical Interpretation in Honor of Edward F. Campbell, Jr., at His Retirement, ed. by Prescott H. Williams, Jr., et al. (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999), pp. 47–61.