Underground water seeping through rock creates cracks, channels (tunnels) and sinkholes (shafts).
Did Jebusites (Canaanites) enlarge the underground cavities to create the “Warren’s Shaft” water system?
If Jebusites created “Warren’s Shaft” water system, did Joab climb through the tsinnor (Warren’s Shaft?) to enter and thereby conquer Jerusalem?
Did Israelites enlarge the underground cavities to create the “Warren’s Shaft” water system?
Hezekiah builds his 1,750-foot-tunnel to bring the waters of the Gihon Spring into the city in anticipation of Sennacherib’s siege.
American orientalist Edward Robinson explores Hezekiah’s tunnel for the first time in the modern period.
British Captain Charles Warren and Sergeant Birtles discover and explore “Warren’s Shaft.”
Boys at play discover the Siloam Inscription in the wall of Hezekiah’s tunnel, 20 feet in from Siloam Pool.
Dominican father Louis-Hugues Vincent measures and draws plans of Warren’s Shaft and Hezekiah’s tunnel systems while accompanying the Parker Mission.
Israeli archaeologist Yigal Shiloh directs archaeological work on Warren’s Shaft and Hezekiah’s tunnel systems, assisted by geologist Dan Gill.