“Schliemann of the mind” By Richard H. Armstrong

In an 1896 lecture on the causes of hysteria, Sigmund Freud provided his audience with an elaborate archaeological analogy: “Imagine that an explorer arrives in a little-known region where his interest is aroused by an expanse of ruins, with remains of walls, fragments of columns, and tablets with half-effaced and unreadable inscriptions. He […]

Ephesus Uncovered
From latrines to libraries By Peter Scherrer

Unlike other great Hellenistic/Roman cities—Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, Constantinople—Ephesus was abandoned in antiquity. These other cities continue to thrive today, which, unfortunately for archaeologists, means that they cannot be excavated, at least not completely. The principal remains we have from ancient Alexandria, for example, are catacombs and debris from the harbor floor; archaeologists digging at […]

How to Reduce Archaeological Looting
Open the market and enlist the collectors! By Richard L. Stroup, Matthew Brown

Readers of Archaeology Odyssey are no doubt aware of the magazine’s dedication to finding a realistic and effective solution to the problem of rampant archaeological looting. As economists, we first became interested in archaeological regulations and markets in artifacts after reading about the public uproar concerning the fate of an ancient stone formation in […]

Ideology from Artifacts
How ancient objects reveal the social reality of their time By Bryan E. Burns

We tend to think of ancient objects as either useful or beautiful—or both. A bit of text scratched on a clay tablet is used to communicate or record information; a finely filigreed golden earring is thought to be lovely; an elegant stairway, perhaps leading into the adyton (inner chamber) of a temple, may be […]


Editors’ Page: Publish Unprovenanced Artifacts
How can you not look at this stuff? By Hershel Shanks
Past Perfect: Over the Bounding Main
Cleopatra’s Needle—from ancient Egypt to Central Park
Destinations: City of the Dead
A part-pagan, part-Christian necropolis lies directly beneath the altar of St. Peter’s Basilica. By Julie Skurdenis
Ancient Life: The Life of the Fairer Sex
Along with a defense of freedom
The Forum
Our readers pipe up on organs—both musical and anatomical.
Briefly Noted
Points of reference