Can Archaeology Discover Homer’s Troy?
Following in the footsteps of Heinrich Schliemann, modern archaeologists give a surprising answer to the question, Who were the fabled Trojans? By Birgit Brandau

King Agamemnon rose to his feet: “Friends, Zeus vowed to me long ago that I should never embark for home till I had brought the walls of Ilium crashing down.” 016 “Metal object, biconvex.” Thus wrote English archaeologist Donald Easton in his excavation diary in July 1995, dispassionately recording what every excavator at […]

Searching for the Historical Homer

Did a man named Homer really live? And are the poems attributed to him, the Iliad and the Odyssey, rooted in actual history? Generations of scholars have wrestled with these problems and provided widely different solutions. But does it really matter? Perhaps the scholarly disputes over the historicity of Homer and his tales are […]

Reading Homer After 2,800 Years
Why the Iliad and the Odyssey fascinate us today By Jasper Griffin

The Iliad and the Odyssey were composed nearly 3,000 years ago, and they are still constantly translated, imitated, dramatized and—above all—read. In a world in which few things stay in fashion for more than a single season, that is indeed a surprising fact. It is also a fact that distinguishes our society from most […]

The Semites or the Greeks?

I would make the startling suggestion that the alphabet was invented by a single human being, who created this remarkable technology to record the Greek hexameters of the poet we call Homer.

A Different View

Barry Powell should have listened to his grammar school teacher. It was the Phoenicians who invented the alphabet.

Invoking the Spirit
Prehistoric religion at Ain Ghazal By Gary O. Rollefson

Two of the oldest temples in the world—dating back more than 8,000 years—have recently been found at a site called Ain Ghazal, outside of Amman, Jordan. The site is already famous for its lifelike, nearly life-size plaster statues. With the two temples discovered in 1995 and 1996, as well as other finds, Ain Ghazal […]


Editors’ Page: Come Learn with Us
I promise you it will be fun. By Hershel Shanks
Origins: In One Era and Out the Other
With the millennium approaching, interest in the calendar is growing. By William W. Hallo
Past Perfect: Into the Etruscan Depths
In a place of the dead, D.H. Lawrence learns something about living.
Destinations: Alba Fucens, Italy
70 miles east of Rome is a spectacular Roman period city. By Judith Harris
The Forum: Join the debates!
Archaeology Odyssey welcomes comments—whether postive, negative or neutral—from its readers.