The excavations were directed by Professor Benjamin Mazar of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by whose kind permission the ring is published here.


The ring was found in a Byzantine house near the Triple Gate and was originally dated to the sixth century A.D., a date that now seems clearly wrong.


These screens formed part of the Crusader lintels in the facade of the Holy Sepulchre church before it was damaged in a fire over a hundred years ago.