1. For Jerusalem, see Andrew Lawler, “Who Built the Tomb of the Kings?” BAR, Winter 2021.


1. For details, see Amos Kloner, “The Cave Chapel of Horvat Qasra,” ‘Atiqot 10 (1990), pp. 129–137 (Hebrew), 29*–30*; and Amos Kloner, Boaz Zissu, and Nili Graicer, “The Hiding Complexes at Horvat Qasra, Southern Judean Foothills,” in A. Tavger, Z. Amar, and M. Billig, eds., In the Highland’s Depth: Ephraim Range and Binyamin Research Studies, vol. 5 (Ariel-Talmon: Bar-Ilan University, 2015), pp. 151–163 (Hebrew).

2. Leah Di Segni and Joseph Patrich, “The Greek Inscriptions in the Cave Chapel at Horvat Qasra,” ‘Atiqot 10 (1990), pp. 141–154 (Hebrew), 31*–35*.

3. Helen Bond and Joan Taylor, Women Remembered: Jesus’ Female Disciples (London: Hodder, 2022), pp. 42–43.

4. Nikoloz Aleksidze, “Calendar of Ioane Zosime,” Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity database, E03720 (