Where Is Mount Sinai?
The Case for Har Karkom and the Case for Saudi Arabia By Hershel Shanks

“It may well be that I have done no more than weave, in the words of George Eliot, ‘an ingenious web of probabilities—the surest screen a wise man can place between himself and the truth.’1 Perhaps final truth in archaeology is unattainable, but it is certain that progress towards it can come only through […]

Archaeology Confirms 50 Real People in the Bible

“How Many?” is a popular feature in each issue of BAR. In effect, this article is an extended example of a “How Many?” How many people in the Hebrew Bible have been confirmed archaeologically? The startling answer is at least 50! Let’s start with the Hebrew kings. According to the Bible, David ruled in […]

Modi’in: Hometown of the Maccabees

I think we have found Modi’in—not for sure, but very probably.

With & Without Straw: How Israelite Slaves Made Bricks

“Pharaoh charged the taskmasters and foremen of the [Israelites], saying, ‘You shall no longer provide the people with straw for making bricks as heretofore. Let them go and gather straw for themselves. But impose upon them the same quota of bricks as they have been making heretofore; do not reduce it, for they are […]


Sardinia, Italy