Pertinent materials from these and a number of other Greek writers have been assembled and assessed by Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth: Texts and Archaeology, Good News Studies 6 (Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, Inc., 1983) pp. 1–128.


The earliest periods in the history of the city are surveyed by J. B. Salmon, Wealthy Corinth: A History of the City to 338 B.C. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984) pp. 9–10, 46–54, 75–80, 168, 186–230.


Strabo, Geography, 8.6.20a.


For a brief account of the dissolution of the Achaean League and of the fall of Corinth, see James R. Wiseman, “Corinth and Rome 1:228 B.C.—A.D. 267,” in H. Temporini and W. Haase, eds., Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, 2:7/1 (Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1979), pp. 460–462.


Translated by W. R. Paton in the Loeb Classical Library, The Greek Anthology 3:9.284 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1917). The Bacchiadae were a clan of Dorians who settled around Corinth in the eighth century B.C.


See, for example, The Iliad 2.570, and Strabo, Geography 8.6.20–23.


Salmon, Wealthy Corinth, pp. 7–8; see also pp. 132–158, 402.


Quoted by Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, pp. 46–47.


For the pertinent ancient and modern literature, see, especially, Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, “Corinthian Bronze,” Revue Biblique 90 (1983), pp. 80–93.


Seutonius, Lives of the Caesars “Julius,” 44.3; “Caligula,” 21; “Nero,” 19.2, 37.3; translated by J. C. Rolfe, Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1932).


See also Acts 19:22, where “Timothy and Erastus” are identified as two of Paul’s associates.


See John Harvey Kent, Corinth: Results of Excavations Conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 8/3: The Inscriptions 1926–1950 (Princeton, NJ: The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1966) pp. 99–100.


On Isthmian crowns see Oscar Broneer, “The Isthmian Victory Crown,” American Journal of Archaeology 66 (1962) pp. 259–263; cf. the same author’s more general discussions, “The Apostle Paul and the Isthmian Games,” The Biblical Archaeologist 25 (1962), pp. 2–31; and “Paul and Pagan Cults at Isthmia,” Harvard Theological Review 64 (1971) pp. 185–186.


Dio Chrysostom 1:8.9; translated by J. W. Cohoon, Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1932).


See Hans Conzelmann, 1 Corinthians, translated by J. W. Leitch, Hermeneia (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press, 1975), p. 12 and note 97, as well as the same author’s 1974 article referred to there, and Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, pp. 125–128.


See Murphy-O’Connor, St. Paul’s Corinth, pp. 153–161.