I do not count the sealed gates, such as the Hulda Gates (Double and Triple) or the Single Gate on the southern side of the Temple Mount, the Postern and “Unnamed Gate” on the east, the Tanner’s Gate on the south, the Late Roman entryway on the west, or the Roman gate under the Damascus Gate.



See “The Rose of Jericho,” BAR 06:05.


For a thorough discussion of whether the “Beautiful Gate” of Acts 3:2, 3:10 is the eastern city gate or an interior Temple gate leading from the Court of the Gentiles on the east to the Court of Israel, see Jack Finegan, The Archaeology of the New Testament (Princeton University Press, 1969), pp. 129–130.


A report that the tomb in front of the Golden Gate was partially destroyed by a bomb in the June 1967 Israeli-Arab war can be found in a pamphlet by Eli Schiller called The Golden Gate (Ariel Publishing House, 1975 [Hebrew]), pp. 6–7.


See K. Creswell, “Early Muslim Architecture,” and Spencer Corbett, “Some Observations on the Gateways to the Herodian Temple in Jerusalem,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly (January–April 1952).


For an account of another phase of Warren’s explorations, see “Jerusalem’s Water Supply During Siege—The Rediscovery of Warren’s Shaft,” BAR 07:04.


See Yoram Tsafrir, “The Location of the Seleucid Akra in Jerusalem,” Revue Biblique, Vol. 82, p. 177.


See M. Dunand, “Byblos, Sidon, Jerusalem,” Vetus Testamentum, XVII, 1968; and Kathleen Kenyon’s works Digging Up Jerusalem (1974) and Royal Cities of the Old Testament (1971).


Kathleen M. Kenyon, Digging Up Jerusalem, (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1974), p. 112.


See “A-t-on Dégagé l’angle sud-est du Temple de Solomon?” in Syria, L. (1973).