Edom & Copper
The Emergence of Ancient Israel’s Rival By Mohammad Najjar, Thomas E. Levy

Did King David do battle with the Edomites? The Bible says he did. It would be unlikely, however, if Edom was not yet a sufficiently complex society to organize and field an army, if Edom was just some nomadic Bedouin tribes roaming around looking for pastures and water for their sheep and goats.

Islam on the Temple Mount
In Muslim Tradition the Dome of the Rock Restored Solomon’s Temple By Moshe Sharon

In 38 C.E. Christian Jerusalem fell to a minor Arab officer by the name of Khalid ibn Thabit from the clan of Fahm. The patriarch of Jerusalem, Sophronius, had by then lost all hope of relief from Constantinople, since all the major cities of Syria (including Damascus) had opened their gates to the invading […]

Who Did It, Who Didn’t and Why By Philip J. King

Pottery is probably the archaeologist’s most important diagnostic tool, not only for dating a stratum of an excavation, but also for determining the culture and ethnicity of the ancient people who lived there at the time. In 1969, however, at the excavation of Tel Gezer, where I served as an area supervisor, a most […]

Assessing David & Solomon
From the Hypothetical to the Improbable to the Absurd By Michael D. Coogan

056 David and Solomon: In Search of the Bible’s Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman (New York: Free Press, 2006), 343 pp. $26.00 David son of Jesse—warrior, king, poet, sinner—has fascinated writers, artists and scholars for more than three millennia. More space is devoted […]


First Person: Sensationalizing Gnostic Christianity
Is all the recent hype about the Gospel of Judas really justified? By Hershel Shanks
Mari (Tell Hariri), Syria