James Strange and Hershel Shanks, “Has the House Where Jesus Stayed in Capernaum Been Found?” BAR 08:06; Strange and Shanks, “Synagogue Where Jesus Preached Found at Capernaum,” BAR 09:06).


Ze’ev Yeivin, “Ancient Chorazin Comes Back to Life,” BAR 13:05.



Edward Robinson, Later Biblical Researches in Palestine, and in the Adjacent Regions. A Journal of Travels in the Year 1852 (Boston: Crocker and Brewster, vol. 3, 1857)’ pp. 348–358. Robinson was followed in this identification by G. A. Smith, The Historical Geography of the Holy Land (New York: Armstrong and Son, 1903), pp. 456–457.


A. M. Schneider, “Hirbet el-Minye am See Genesareth,” Annals archaeologiques de Syria 2 (1952), pp. 23–45.


For the major archaeological publication of the Franciscans see Virgilio Corbo, Stanislao Loffreda and Agusto Spijkerman, Cafarnao, 3 vols. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1975). For a much less technical, popular discussion in English see Loffreda, A Visit to Capharnaum (Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1980); and his Recovering Capharnaum, (Jerusalem: Edizioni Custodia Terra Santa, 1985).


Averett College, Danville, VA; British Columbia University, Vancouver; Hardin-Simmons University, Abilene, TX; Notre Dame University, IN; Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA; Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO.


I would like to express my gratitude to Dr. Tzateris, who contributed many ideas incorporated into this paper. All faults and shortcomings, however, are the sole property of the author.


See also, Eric Meyers, “The Cultural Setting of Galilee: The Case of Regionalism and Early Judaism,” Aufstieg und Niedergang der Romischen Welt II, 19.1 (1979), pp. 686–702.


Donald Ariel, “Coins From the Synagogue at ‘En Nashut,” Israel Exploration Journal (IEJ) 37 (1987) pp. 147–57.


Agusto Spijkerman. Cafarnao III Catalogo Delle Monete Della Citta (Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1975), pp. 103–118.


Loffreda, A Visit to Capharnaum, p. 60; Meyers and Strange, Archaeology, the Rabbis and Early Christianity (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1981), p. 131.


See M. Goodman, State and Society in Roman Galilee, A.D. 132–212 (Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allenheld, 1983), p. 57.


Loffreda, “The Late Chronology of the Synagogue of Capernaum,” IEJ 23 (1973), pp. 37–42, While some Israeli archaeologists dispute this date, it is generally held by others. See the discussion by Meyers, “Ancient Synagogues in Galilee: Their Religious and Cultural Setting,” Biblical Archaeologist (BA) 43.2 (1980), pp. 97–108.


Vassilios Tzaferis et al., Excavations at Capernaum Volume 1 1978–1982. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1989); Plates 2a, 6a, 6b: Loffreda, Recovering Capharnaum p. 30 fig. 27. See also Meyers et al., “Sepphoris. Ornament of All Galilee,” BA, 49 (1986), p. 18. While this issue is controversial, more and more evidence is pointing to the conclusion that Jewish-Christian and Jewish communities may have co-existed in Galilee and elsewhere. See Meyers, “Early Judaism and Christianity in the Light of Archaeology,” BA 51.2 (1988), pp. 69–79.


Claudine Dauphine, “Jewish and Christian Communities in Roman and Byzantine Gaulanith: A Study of Evidence From the Archaeological Surveys,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly, July–December (1982) pp. 129–142. Shlomit Nemlich and Ann Killebrew, “Rediscovering the Ancient Golan. The Golan Archaeological Museum,” BAR 14:06, p. 62.


Meyers, “Early Judaism and Christianity,” p. 76.